The second-largest producer of natural gas in the EU, the Netherlands has 1.45 trillion m3 of proved reserves of this energy commodity, which plays a significant role in the Dutch country's energy sector. The Netherlands is bordered by the North Sea to the north, where much of the country's offshore energy sector is concentrated. Located in the northern Netherlands and estimated to produce for another 50 years, Groningen -- Europe's largest natural gas field -- has already exceeded 100 Tcf and was discovered in May 1959 by a 50-50 joint venture between Shell and ExxonMobil.
Civil engineering is the discipline dealing with the design, construction, and maintenance, typically of public works such as roads, bridges, canals and buildings. Civil engineers can be involved in nearly every stage of a construction project – from site selection, writing specifications for materials, reviewing bids, and supervising construction. They aim to design and build structures that meet requirements for safety, reliability, cost, and energy efficiency.