The westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The economic and political association of 27 European member states, the European Union (EU) has developed a single market through which a standardized system of laws apply, and under this union, sixteen member states have adopted the euro as its common currency. In 2006, the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent, with nuclear energy as the primary source of energy produced in the region. Currently, the EU imports around 82% of its oil and 57% of its natural gas resources.
Mud logging is the creation of a record (log) that contains the drilling activity observed during the drilling of a well. This information is usually gathered by examining rock cuttings brought to the surface by drilling. The mud log contains the entire geological record of the well; it may contain information regarding lithology (rock type), drill time, mud characteristics, and if there was any indication of oil or gas.