The westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The economic and political association of 27 European member states, the European Union (EU) has developed a single market through which a standardized system of laws apply, and under this union, sixteen member states have adopted the euro as its common currency. In 2006, the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent, with nuclear energy as the primary source of energy produced in the region. Currently, the EU imports around 82% of its oil and 57% of its natural gas resources.
Hydraulic and pneumatic systems are two of the most efficient and compact forms of power for machinery and can be configured into types of power sources to push, pull, lift, lower, rotate and move equipment. Hydraulics work on the principle of pressurized fluid while pneumatics use gas, typically air, that is pulled into a compressor. Due to the pressure generated in each, hydraulic systems are commonly used to lift heavy objects while pneumatic systems are commonly used in the operation of rotary tools, clamps and pushing mechanisms.