Predominantly a nuclear energy producer, France has very few natural energy resources, and its energy sector is primarily focused on electricity generation. However, France is a major importer of oil, which accounted for 65% of total net imports in 2004, from such key fossil-fuel suppliers as Saudi Arabia and the Russian Federation. The country's natural gas supply has grown steadily, with resources coming into the country from Europe, North Africa and Russia. Headquartered in Paris, Total S.A. is the fifth largest publicly traded oil and gas company in the world and is a significant international offshore player.
Electrical engineering deals with the study, design, development and testing of electronics and electrical equipment. Engineers in this field can specialize in several sub-disciplines such as power, controls, electronics, instrumentation, communications and more. It is a broad field that spans the industry and requires in-depth knowledge of electronic theory, mathematics, CAD systems, reading schematics and circuit layout.