Predominantly a nuclear energy producer, France has very few natural energy resources, and its energy sector is primarily focused on electricity generation. However, France is a major importer of oil, which accounted for 65% of total net imports in 2004, from such key fossil-fuel suppliers as Saudi Arabia and the Russian Federation. The country's natural gas supply has grown steadily, with resources coming into the country from Europe, North Africa and Russia. Headquartered in Paris, Total S.A. is the fifth largest publicly traded oil and gas company in the world and is a significant international offshore player.
Civil engineering is the discipline dealing with the design, construction, and maintenance, typically of public works such as roads, bridges, canals and buildings. Civil engineers can be involved in nearly every stage of a construction project – from site selection, writing specifications for materials, reviewing bids, and supervising construction. They aim to design and build structures that meet requirements for safety, reliability, cost, and energy efficiency.