The westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The economic and political association of 27 European member states, the European Union (EU) has developed a single market through which a standardized system of laws apply, and under this union, sixteen member states have adopted the euro as its common currency. In 2006, the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent, with nuclear energy as the primary source of energy produced in the region. Currently, the EU imports around 82% of its oil and 57% of its natural gas resources.
Fitters and Turners are responsible for setting up and assembling equipment and machinery including those used in welding. Fitters will usually have a mechanical background and are often also skilled in fabrication. A Trade qualification or Apprenticeship is usually desirable for Fitter and Turner jobs although not always a requirement if the person has relevant work experience.