The westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The economic and political association of 27 European member states, the European Union (EU) has developed a single market through which a standardized system of laws apply, and under this union, sixteen member states have adopted the euro as its common currency. In 2006, the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent, with nuclear energy as the primary source of energy produced in the region. Currently, the EU imports around 82% of its oil and 57% of its natural gas resources.
Design engineers focus on applying the engineering design process, whereby they develop new or improved products or processes. They are required for projects that are onshore and offshore, upstream and downstream, and can specialize in multiple engineering disciplines including electrical, chemical, mechanical, civil and structural. Design engineers typically complete technical plans using computer-aided design (CAD) software, conduct testing by collecting and analyzing data, and complete regular progress reports for project managers.