An emerging sweet spot for the oil and gas industry, Africa is accelerating exploration and production developments in both its onshore and offshore sectors. National oil corporations are partnering with industry heavyweights from around the globe to rebuild infrastructure in the world's second largest continent. Vast oil and gas reserves are harnessed within Africa's respective countries, as well as the surrounding waters of the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Sea to the west.
Welding is a type of fabrication that is used to join metals or thermoplastics together by fusion. This is done by heating and melting part of the material and often adding a filler material which when cooled will form a strong bond. Pressure may also be used to weld, with or without the application of heat.<br/>There are different methods of welding used depending on the type of materials and desired end result, and Welders must be properly qualified for the type of welding work carried out.