An emerging sweet spot for the oil and gas industry, Africa is accelerating exploration and production developments in both its onshore and offshore sectors. National oil corporations are partnering with industry heavyweights from around the globe to rebuild infrastructure in the world's second largest continent. Vast oil and gas reserves are harnessed within Africa's respective countries, as well as the surrounding waters of the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Sea to the west.
Subsea Engineering deals with the design and analysis of underwater structures for oil and gas fields in which the production wellhead is on the seabed. Subsea engineers specialize in systems made up of risers, umbilicals, and flowlines for these fields located offshore. Designing tools and equipment to be used on the ocean floor requires a working knowledge of underwater procedures, reliability of materials in the presence of corrosion due to sea water, and more.