Onne, Rivers State
Estimated to contain more than 36 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and boasting the largest natural gas reserves in Africa, OPEC-member Nigeria is a bustling hub for deepwater and ultra-deepwater exploration. The West African nation is an important supplier of light, sweet crude oil to the U.S., and disruptions in Nigerian production due to instability in the region can affect global oil prices. Nigeria is dependent on its oil sector, primarily located in the Niger Delta, which barrels in more than 95% of export earnings and some 85% of government revenues. Major producers in the region include Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Shell, Chevron, ExxonMobil, Total and Eni/Agip.
Subsea Engineering deals with the design and analysis of underwater structures for oil and gas fields in which the production wellhead is on the seabed. Subsea engineers specialize in systems made up of risers, umbilicals, and flowlines for these fields located offshore. Designing tools and equipment to be used on the ocean floor requires a working knowledge of underwater procedures, reliability of materials in the presence of corrosion due to sea water, and more.