Kulczyk provided an update on operations undertaken in the Ukraine since completing the acquisition of KUB-GAS in June 2010.
The Olgovskoye field is currently producing from 3 wells (O-3, O-4 and O-5) with O-3 producing from the M6 horizon and O-4 and O-5 wells producing from the B 5/6 horizon. During the last quarter of 2009 the 0-7 development well was drilled to a depth of 2,520 meters. The O-7 well penetrated down to the B9 horizon, a limestone formation that has never produced gas in any of the fields, and the logs indicated that the horizon contained hydrocarbons. The B9 was perforated and stimulated utilizing local technology in the first quarter of 2010 resulting in a non-commercial flow of natural gas and further work on the O-7 well was delayed pending the arrival of western-made stimulation equipment in the Ukraine. Due to continued delays in the importation of this equipment the B9 horizon was suspended and the B7 horizon, the primary target of the O-7 well, was perforated and tested in late September at a production rate of 2.3 MMscf/d of gas with condensate at a flowing tubing pressure of 1,040 psi. The successful completion and tie-in of this well to the production facilities will increase both the reserves allocated to, and the total production from, the Olgovskoye Field. The tie-in to the Olgovskoye production facilities is expected to occur in October 2010. It is however important to note that the Company still believes the B9 limestone horizon to be prospective although it will require an effective stimulation using the latest technology in order to produce gas economically.
On August 16, 2010, only two months after the closing of the acquisition by Kulczyk Oil, KUB-Gas started drilling the Makeyevskoye-19 exploration well with a projected total depth ("TD") of 2,060 meters. The M-19 well is located approximately 2 km from the Makeyvskoye Field, and was designed to evaluate 3 separate targets: (1) a Triassic target at a depth of approximately 700 meters; (2) a seismic anomaly at an approximate depth of 1,450 meters; and (3) the potential of a deeper reservoir series. To date the well has been drilled to a depth of 1,504 meters and logged with locally available logging tools. The logs indicate that while the Triassic target is was not hydrocarbon-bearing, the seismic anomaly is an approximately 18 meters thick sandstone unit that potentially contains hydrocarbons. Drilling has been temporarily suspended due to some minor operational issues, but will resume shortly. The Company expects that the well will reach TD within the next 2 weeks at which time the well will be logged. If the logging results confirm the results of the previous work the well will be cased and tested.
For the remainder of 2010, Kulczyk Oil is planning to drill at least 1 more development well in the Olgovskoye field. The O-8 development well will be drilled to a total depth of approximately 2,800 meters.
At the time of closing the acquisition of KUB-Gas in June, production from the four fields was approximately 4.5 MMscf/d of gas. Current average production is approximately 5 MMscf/d and 20 barrels per day of NGL, which is less that at this time last year (6.4 MMscf/d), however with the tie in of the O-7 well production in the 4th quarter should exceed production in the 4th quarter of 2009. During the month of September gas was sold at an average price of US $7.60 Mscf, excluding VAT and the condensate was sold at an average price of US $81.35 per barrel.
The reduction in production in the first half of 2010 was principally due to a general increase in the sales gas pipeline pressures during the summer months, which was exacerbated this year due to an increase in the amount of Russian gas exported to the Ukraine. If the sales gas pipeline pressure is greater than the flowing pressure of a well, the gas from that well is not able to enter the line. This seasonal effect impacted production because all of the KUB-Gas wells free flow gas into the sales pipeline without any of the compression commonly used in producing gas areas elsewhere in the world. Consequently, the first work implemented in the field on the advice of the Kulczyk Oil team was the installation of small compressors on two of the wells in the Vergunskoye license area. These compressors were brought online on August 19th, 2010 and resulted in an immediate increase in production of approximately 250 Mscf/d from each well, representing an increase of approximately 100% per well. Kulczyk Oil is currently evaluating the potential for a larger scale use of compression which will increase production from the currently producing horizons in the fields and increase amount of recoverable reserves from those horizons as well as reduce future seasonal sales gas volume fluctuations.
Geology & Geophysical Work
The Competent Persons Report issue by RPS Energy ("RPS") in September 2009 (the "RPS 2009 Report") on the 4 producing fields owned by KUB-Gas stated that the proven, probable and possible reserves, net to the 70% interest of Kulczyk Oil, totaled 22 BCF and 122 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids ("NGL") or 4.4 million barrels of oil equivalent (4.4 MMboe). According to the RPS 2009 Report more than 40% of the reserves come from 3 horizons in the Olgovskoye Field and 12% of the reserves are from 3 horizons in the adjacent Makeyevskoye Field. Kulczyk Oil acquired an interest in KUB-Gas because it believes that there are more than 3 horizons within the fields that can be produced and the geological and geophysical evaluations carried out by Kulczyk Oil's technical team indicate that there are at least an additional 24 horizons within the Olgovskoye and Makeyevskoye Fields with hydrocarbon producing potential.
Since the beginning of the 2010, Kulczyk Oil has focused its technical efforts on procuring and digitizing all available seismic and well data in order to develop a geological and geophysical model to fully understand the potential of the Olgovskoye and Makeyevskoye Fields. This model is being used to prepare a comprehensive development plan for both fields that will include the drilling of new development, appraisal and exploration wells, and the recompletion of some of the existing wells in order to increase reserves and production. This work includes the re-interpretation of the existing seismic data and the digitizing of all of the available well logs. The goal was to identify the potential hydrocarbon-bearing horizons in every well and correlate each horizon from well to well across each field in order to create detailed reservoir maps for each field. These maps were then correlated to the historic well tests and production data. This work has identified more than 24 separate target horizons in addition to those already identified by RPS. The management of Kulczyk Oil believes that a majority of these additional horizons will contain reserves of natural gas and NGL. Once the geological and geophysical work is complete for the Olgovskoye and Makeyevskoye Fields, the efforts of the Kulczyk Oil technical team will focus on evaluating the potential of the gas fields at Krutogorovskoye and Vergunskoye.
Kulczyk Oil is very pleased with the initial results of the work done to date in the Ukraine. In the coming months Kulczyk Oil will be finalizing the work program for 2011, which will principally target the comprehensive and efficient exploitation of the Olgovskoye and Makeyevskoye Fields with the drilling of new wells, the completion of new zones in existing wells, stimulation treatments using modern and technically advanced methods and the effective implementation of a compression strategy together with the complete geological and geophysical evaluation of the potential of the Krutogorovskoye and Vergunskoye Fields.
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