Recent natural gas price spikes and volatility have attracted the interest of government policymakers and industry to consider new sources of the prized commodity. Natural gas, the lifeblood of many American homes and industries, accounts for 23% of all energy consumed in America. Half of all American homes, about 56 million, are heated by natural gas. The deep shelf lies 15,000 feet or greater below the outer continental shelf in water depths up to 656 feet. Much of the deep shelf is accessible to energy producers from existing infrastructure in the Gulf.
According to MMS officials, new data, and a better understanding of the deep gas potential due to recent discoveries have led them to increase their resource estimate to up to 55 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of gas. The number is up from the previous estimate of up to 20 tcf. The MMS uses a complex series of calculations to account for the probability of discovering recoverable amounts of gas. The new estimate is seen as the possible greatest amount of natural gas in this region.
MMS Director R. M. "Johnnie" Burton called the new estimate "a very hopeful sign of where additional natural gas supplies may be found for the American public." She added, "The Department of Energy is predicting supply shortfalls. It is imperative to find diverse sources of natural gas. Transportation of liquefied natural gas via tankers will be very helpful. But, gas discovered domestically in very deep waters of the Gulf or in shallow waters but deep into the shelf remains a key supply source." (Creating liquefied natural gas is a burgeoning industry that uses a cryogenic process to liquefy the gas, making transportation from overseas locales to U.S. markets possible without pipelines.) Overall, deep shelf gas production has increased by an estimated 137 billion cubic feet between 2000 and 2002. Production in 2000 was 284 bcf, while an estimated 421 bcf was produced in 2002. New wells coming online could help raise this production level (see Table 1). So far this year 66 new deep shelf wells have been started by energy producers.
MMS revised its estimate based on:
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