Transocean has reported net income for the three months ended December 31, 2008 of $800 million, or $2.50 per diluted share. Revenues for the fourth quarter 2008 totaled a record $3.270 billion. The results compare to net income of $1.056 billion, or $4.17 per diluted share, for the three months ended December 31, 2007. For the three months ended December 31, 2007, revenues were $2.077 billion.
Fourth quarter 2008 results were adversely impacted by certain net charges, after tax, totaling $385 million, or $1.19 per diluted share, as follows:
Net income of $1.056 billion for the three months ended December 31, 2007 included after-tax income of $194 million, or $0.77 per diluted share, resulting primarily from the sale of the Peregrine I drillship and benefits from discrete tax items (which were partially offset by Merger-related costs and losses on the early retirement of debt). On November 27, 2007, Transocean Inc. reclassified its ordinary shares into cash and shares (the “Reclassification”) in connection with the Merger. Reported results for the fourth quarter and full year 2007 included approximately one month from GlobalSantaFe's operations and the impact of recording GlobalSantaFe's assets and liabilities at fair market value as required by generally accepted accounting principles.
Diluted earnings per share for the fourth quarter 2007 is based on a weighted average diluted share count of 254 million shares, which included the effect of restating the historical share count for the Reclassification. The weighted average diluted share count for the fourth quarter 2007 without restatement would have been 309(1) million shares.
For the year ended December 31, 2008, net income totaled $4.202 billion, or $13.09 per diluted share, on revenues of $12.674 billion. Net income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 included after-tax charges of $401 million, or $1.24 per diluted share, resulting primarily from the fourth quarter items listed above, in addition to a loss on short-term investments and a loss from the early retirement of debt.
For 2007, net income was $3.131 billion, or $14.14 per diluted share, on revenues of $6.377 billion. Net income for the year ended December 31, 2007 included after-tax income of $563 million relating to payments received under the TODCO tax sharing agreement, rig sales and discrete tax items.
On December 18, 2008, Transocean completed the change of place of incorporation of its holding company from the Cayman Islands to Switzerland (the "Redomestication"). As a result of the Redomestication, Transocean Ltd. succeeded Transocean Inc. as the holding company for the Transocean group of companies. The financial results disclosed herein are provided on a consolidated basis for the Transocean group of companies.
Operations Quarterly Review
Revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2008 increased to $3.270 billion, compared to revenues of $3.192 billion during the three months ended September 30, 2008. The $78 million quarter-to-quarter increase in total revenues included $131 million of higher contract drilling revenues, reflecting an increase in average dayrates and a decrease in out-of-service time for planned shipyards. A $43 million decrease in other revenues partially offset these increases and resulted primarily from decreases in non-drilling activities. The average dayrate for the fleet increased 3.8 percent from $242,200 in the third quarter to $251,500 in the fourth quarter.
Operating and maintenance expenses totaled $1.408 billion for the fourth quarter 2008, down $18 million or 1.3 percent, compared to $1.426 billion for the prior quarter. The quarter-to-quarter reduction in operating and maintenance costs was primarily the result of non-drilling cost reductions of $46 million and a $17 million decline in maintenance and shipyard costs, partially offset by $23 million of bad debt expense related to the Sedco 712 customer receivable and $21 million of charges related to obsolescence of materials and supplies.
Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense increased to $396 million in the fourth quarter 2008 versus $336 million for the third quarter 2008. The $60 million quarter-to-quarter increase includes $46 million for adjustments to the depreciable lives of certain rigs acquired in the Merger, a $6 million write-down of oil and gas properties and $8 million of other miscellaneous items.
General and administrative expenses were $59 million for the fourth quarter 2008 compared to $46 million in the prior quarter. The $13 million increase was due, in part, to $8 million of additional professional fees, including $4 million related to the Redomestication and $4 million of additional Merger-related costs.
For the fourth quarter 2008, field operating income(2) (defined as revenues less operating and maintenance expenses) increased 5.4 percent to $1.862 billion compared to $1.766 billion for the third quarter 2008. The increase was primarily due to the higher revenues and reduced operating and maintenance expenses, as discussed above.
Liquidity and Interest Expense
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized for the fourth quarter 2008, increased to $121 million compared to $100 million in the third quarter 2008. The increase included $11 million from higher interest rates and $10 million from reduced capitalized interest. As of December 31, 2008, total debt was $14.186 billion, a decrease of $597 million from September 30, 2008.
Cash flow from operating activities decreased to $1.196 billion for the fourth quarter 2008 compared to $1.270 billion for the third quarter 2008. For the full year 2008, cash flow from operating activities totaled $4.959 billion compared to $3.073 billion for the full year 2007.
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