Schlumberger's full-year 2008 revenue of $24.28 billion increased 20% versus 2007, driven by Area growth of 28% in Latin America, 24% in Europe/CIS/Africa, 18% in Middle East & Asia and 11% in North America. All Technologies experienced double-digit growth most notably in Well Services, Drilling & Measurements and Wireline. Pretax operating income of $6.50 billion in 2008 was 9% higher than 2007. However, the pretax operating margin declined 256 basis points (bps) to 26.8% primarily due to reduced pricing for well stimulation services in the US land GeoMarkets, a higher mix of low-margin third-party managed services in the Mexico/Central America GeoMarket and cost inflation across all Areas.
Fourth-quarter revenue of $6.26 billion was 2% lower sequentially but was 15% higher year-on-year. Sequentially, Europe/CIS/Africa revenue declined primarily due to a weakening of the local currencies against the US dollar and from lower activity in Russia as the result of reduced customer spending and seasonal slowdowns. In Latin America, revenue fell due to weaker local currencies and lower activity in the Venezuela/Trinidad & Tobago and Mexico/Central America GeoMarkets. Middle East & Asia declined on lower activity in the Australia/Papua New Guinea/New Zealand and Qatar GeoMarkets. These decreases, however, were partially offset by an increase in North America as the result of strong activity in the US Gulf of Mexico and US land West GeoMarkets. Local currency changes reduced Oilfield Services fourth-quarter revenue by approximately 3%.
Fourth-quarter pretax operating income of $1.60 billion was 6% lower sequentially but 4% higher year-on-year. Sequentially, pretax operating margin decreased to 25.6% primarily as a result of reduced activity levels in the Europe/CIS/Africa, Latin America and Middle East & Asia Areas, partially offset by the improvement in overall activity and a more favorable revenue mix in North America.
Revenue of $1.56 billion increased 4% sequentially and 17% year-on-year. Pretax operating income of $346 million increased 9% sequentially and 2% year-on-year.
Sequentially, the US Gulf of Mexico GeoMarket activity recovered from the slowdown experienced during the hurricane season of the third quarter and realized further growth on a higher ultra deep-water rig count that led to strong demand for Wireline, Well Testing and Well Services technologies. The US land West GeoMarket revenue increased on strong demand for Well Services and Drilling & Measurements services and Artificial Lift products while the Alaska GeoMarket experienced a seasonal increase in activity that resulted in robust demand for Well Services and Drilling & Measurements technologies. Schlumberger Information Solutions (SIS) experienced growth from strong year-end software and hardware sales. These increases were partially offset by decreased revenue in the US land Central and North GeoMarkets on reducing rig count that accelerated at quarter end. Canada GeoMarket revenue was also lower primarily as the result of the weakening of the Canadian dollar.
Pretax operating margin improved sequentially to 22.3% mainly as a result of stronger activity levels and increased high-margin services in the US Gulf of Mexico, US land West and Alaska GeoMarkets. These increases were partially offset by pricing pressure in the US land Central and North GeoMarkets.
In West Texas, advanced Schlumberger Drilling & Measurements services were deployed on two wells for Atlantic Operating, Inc. in the 3rd Bonesprings sand formation. PowerDrive rotary-steerable systems and PeriScope bed boundary mapping technologies were used to keep the wells within the bounding shales and achieve drilling rates varying between 50 and 110 ft/hr. Drilling accuracy for this 10-ft target sand was critical, and drilling time was reduced substantially to an average of 8 days versus the minimum of 30-35 days using conventional drilling techniques for these same well types.
In Western Canada, Schlumberger Well Services performed carbonate acid stimulation treatments in seven horizontal wells for Suncor Energy, Inc. using coiled tubing with ACTive family and VDA Viscoelastic Diverting Acid technologies. The ACTive family of coiled tubing services uses real-time downhole measurements to optimize treatments by allowing maximum fluid penetration, diversion and treatment volumes. The approach allowed significant production increases to be realized from these wells.
In Pennsylvania, the Schlumberger Well Services StimMAP Live micro-seismic fracture mapping service was used on the first Cabot Oil and Gas horizontal well in the Marcellus formation. Real-time data enabled the customer to make changes as the operation progressed with varying pumping rates being used to generate greater micro-seismic responses and subsequently create more complex fracture networks. The well had an initial production rate of 6.4 MMcf/d and in conjunction with a series of vertical wells has allowed Cabot to exceed their original year-end Marcellus production target.
In West Virginia, Schlumberger Well Services completed two nine-stage foam fracturing jobs for EXCO utilizing open-hole packers integrated with the completion tubing. All nine stages were pumped to completion in one day allowing immediate flowback which decreased the clean-up time that had been required on previous wells. Schlumberger is currently the only service company that has been able to complete all nine stages in one day, and tentative production results show the wells to be among the top four EXCO producers in the area.
In North Dakota, Schlumberger Data & Consulting Services (DCS) helped an operator explore, develop and delineate a field in the Williston basin using data from advanced Wireline technologies. Several years prior, the discovery was evaluated using Platform Express integrated wireline logging, Sonic Scanner acoustic scanning and FMI Fullbore Formation MicroImager services. The data were used to identify local stress orientation, characterize the formations and natural fractures, and provide petrophysical answers for the target formation -- the Middle Bakken Carbonate. As a result, the customer was able to select optimal lateral orientation leading to initial production of 450 bopd. Subsequent horizontal wells in the other sections of the field have flowed in excess of 2,000 bopd.
In Southeastern Alberta, Canada, Schlumberger Well Services used the EverCRETE cementing system for an operator on a CO2 injection well where long-term sealing integrity is paramount. EverCRETE CO2-resistant cement is the latest wellbore isolation technology for CO2 geological storage and other CO2 environments and provides a durable solution for zonal isolation during injection, storage and monitoring.
Revenue of $1.11 billion was 3% lower sequentially but increased 18% year-on-year. Pretax operating income of $200 million decreased 13% sequentially and 4% year-on-year.
Sequentially, revenue in the Venezuela/Trinidad & Tobago GeoMarket declined as a result of lower demand for Wireline and Well Services technologies and Completions products while Mexico/Central America experienced lower activity in Integrated Project Management (IPM) projects. These decreases were partially offset by higher offshore exploration-related activity in the Brazil GeoMarket that led to robust demand for Wireline, Well Testing and Drilling & Measurements services, while activity in the Peru/Colombia/Ecuador GeoMarket increased due to strong demand for Artificial Lift and SIS products. Area revenue was also reduced by approximately 4% due to the weakening of local currencies against the US dollar.
Pretax operating margin declined sequentially to 18.0% from lower activity and a less favorable revenue mix in the Venezuela/Trinidad & Tobago GeoMarket, reduced gain share from IPM projects in the Peru/Colombia/Ecuador GeoMarket, and cost inflation and a less favorable revenue mix in the Mexico/Central America GeoMarket.
On the Petrobras Alagoas field in Brazil, Schlumberger Well Testing successfully introduced extreme underbalanced tubing-conveyed perforating as a technique to increase productivity. Since introduction of the technique, measureable time savings have been recorded compared to standard completion techniques, while productivity increases ranging from 33% to 47% have been achieved on wells in the field.
In Mexico, PEMEX used Well Services PlugAdvisor cementing simulation software to improve the reliability and efficiency of plug-cementing operations. Through use of this simulator -- introduced as part of a Schlumberger IPM sidetrack drilling project together with plug placement tools that avoid cement contamination -- first-run success rates in side-tracked wells have increased to more than 90% from less than 50%. As a result, IPM has been able to deliver wells on time and Schlumberger has become the preferred plug placement service company in the southern region of PEMEX operations.
Also in Mexico, PEMEX selected Well Services FUTUR* active set-cement technology for wells drilled in an environmentally sensitive wetland national reserve. The novel self-healing cement has been recognized for the benefits it brings to operations where shallow gas and sustained casing pressures pose risks to the environment.
In Colombia, Pacific Rubiales Energy signed an agreement with Schlumberger to use SIS products and services enabling their petrotechnical professionals to achieve aggressive business targets. Under the agreement, Pacific Rubiales Energy will implement a full suite of ProSource data management software to manage exploration and production information which will be accessed on a corporate basis through a DecisionPoint content and workflow delivery web portal. Software applications such as GeoFrame, ECLIPSE and Interactive Petrophysics software will complement the customer’s earlier decision to use Petrel seismic-to-simulation software as their core geoscientist workflow. The Schlumberger solution is one of various components of a broader information technology platform implementation.
In Ecuador, the national hydrocarbon directorate, Dirección Nacional de Hidrocarburos (DNH), awarded Schlumberger a contract to design, implement and support an iCenter that will be part of the surveillance infrastructure to the oil and gas value chain in Ecuador. The center includes a main surveillance room, a crisis room and a 3D geology and geophysics room that will run Petrel seismic-to-simulation and OFM well and reservoir analysis software.
Also in Ecuador, Petroproducción, the production subsidiary of Petroecuador, awarded Schlumberger a contract to provide an end-to-end solution for drilling and production data management and real-time surveillance. The project is the first digital integrated operations solution encompassing real-time drilling and production information, enabled by SIS production and drilling suites, with Avocet Surveillance as the enabling web aggregation and visualization technology. The ability to use an end-to-end solution for integrated operations provides work flows that cut across traditional departmental silos and support improved operational performance.
Elsewhere in Ecuador, Petroamazonas S.A. awarded Schlumberger a new five-year contract for the supply of Artificial Lift equipment on 184 new wells. This award, which includes both surface and downhole equipment, was made on the basis of service quality and technology, and extends the current 170-well contract.
In Colombia, Schlumberger Well Services conducted the first-ever successful fracture stimulation jobs by any service company for Ecopetrol in the Apiay area -- a region characterized by complex geology and active tectonics that have rendered previous attempts unsuccessful. This success will allow Ecopetrol opportunities for enhancing production and improving water disposal.
In Venezuela, Petroregional del Lago, a PDVSA-Shell joint venture conducted successful acid stimulation operations in the Urdaneta field in Lake Maracaibo using Well Services VDA technology. Two wells were stimulated resulting in a production increase of 4,000 bopd.
Revenue of $2.05 billion decreased 5% sequentially but increased 16% year-on-year. Pretax operating income of $533 million decreased 15% sequentially but was 8% higher year-on-year.
Sequentially, Area revenue was 5% lower due to the weakening of local currencies against the US dollar particularly in the North Sea, Continental Europe and Russia. Additionally, Russia experienced significant reductions in activity from lower customer spending and the seasonal slowdown in Sakhalin. Lower Framo revenue also contributed to the decline. These decreases were partially offset by significantly increased activity in the Libya GeoMarket from strong demand for Artificial Lift products and for Drilling & Measurements, Well Testing and Wireline services, as well as in the Continental Europe GeoMarket from higher demand for Wireline and Drilling & Measurements technologies.
Pretax operating margin decreased sequentially to 26.1% primarily due to lower activity and a less favorable revenue mix in the North Sea and Nigeria & Gulf of Guinea GeoMarkets and Russia. The decrease in Framo revenue also contributed to this result.
In Kazakhstan, Tengizchevroil -- a Chevron affiliate -- awarded Schlumberger a five-year contract for wireline logging, slickline, coiled tubing, pressure pumping, well testing, directional drilling and perforating services. The contract, which also includes the supply of well completion equipment, covers field development in a technically challenging area and provides opportunities for new technology introduction and deployment.
In Angola, BP awarded Schlumberger wireline, pressure pumping, well testing, directional drilling, measurement-while-drilling and logging-while-drilling services on their ultra deep-water drilling program in offshore Block 31. The program is expected to cover 188 wells over an eight-year period beginning in 2010 and BP expects to deploy four drilling units to perform the work. Access to new technologies and significant Schlumberger Angolan local content were contributing factors in these awards.
Also in Angola, Total E&P Angola awarded Schlumberger Well Testing the completion landing string contract for the Pazflor development. The project will include the completion of 49 producer and injector wells beginning in 2010 and services will be provided using the newly launched SenTURIAN* subsea control system.
In the Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Lunskoye field offshore Sakhalin Island, Schlumberger Well Testing successfully perforated the longest-ever zone in one run using 4 1/2-in casing guns deployed on coiled tubing with the Completion Insertion & Removal under Pressure (CIRP) technique. CIRP technology allows long intervals to be perforated underbalanced and the guns to be retrieved without killing the well which avoids formation damage and potential well control issues.
In Russia, Schlumberger performed the first Flow Scanner operation in a horizontal well in the Vankor field for Rosneft. The job, which was the first deployment of its kind in West Siberia, resulted in a complete flow analysis in a complex downhole environment and the technology is now being considered for future applications in this new field.
In The Netherlands, Schlumberger DCS performed a sand production study on a natural gas field that had been partly suspended by Gaz de France due to heavy sand production. The study concluded that oriented tubing-conveyed perforating technology could help eliminate sand production and a sidetrack well was drilled and perforated to confirm this conclusion. The resulting gas production was double expectations and a number of wells in the field have now been recompleted to yield sand-free production.
In Norway, Schlumberger Wireline deployed MaxTRAC tractor-conveyed production-logging technology that included the Flow Scanner fluid imaging service on four wells for ConocoPhillips Norway to confirm feasibility of a new completion and stimulation strategy on the Eldfisk A platform. The technology combination in conjunction with a portable OSC Operations Support Center set in the customer's Well Intervention Center enabled successful data acquisition in a difficult logging environment monitored in real time by specialists in the Aberdeen Operations Support Center.
Middle East & Asia
Revenue of $1.47 billion was 2% lower sequentially but 9% higher year-on-year. Pretax operating income of $491 million decreased 7% sequentially but increased 4% year-on-year.
Sequentially, Area revenue declined mainly as a result of weather-related effects in the Australia/Papua New Guinea/New Zealand and China/Japan/Korea GeoMarkets, lower activity in Qatar, a less favorable activity mix in Brunei/Malaysia/Philippines and reduced customer spending in the China/Japan/Korea and Arabian GeoMarkets. These declines primarily affected demand for Wireline, Drilling & Measurements and Well Services technologies, but were partially offset by the positive impact of retroactive price adjustments for a Wireline contract in addition to growth in the Gulf GeoMarket for Artificial Lift products and Well Services and Drilling & Measurements technologies.
Pretax operating margin declined sequentially to 33.5% primarily due to the overall lower level of activity in the Area as well as a less favorable revenue mix in the Arabian and India GeoMarkets.
In Australia, Schlumberger used the unique Quicksilver Probe Wireline sampling technology for Woodside to capture the uncontaminated and representative fluid samples that were required for the design optimization of the customer’s LNG surface facilities. Quicksilver Probe capability combined with advanced alloy flow lines and reverse low-shock techniques resulted in pure fluid samples.
Also in Australia, Schlumberger completed and drilled the first Level 5 cased-hole tri-lateral well in the Far East for Woodside in the offshore Vincent Field. Two RapidX* ultra high-strength sealed junctions were run to connect each of the two upper laterals to the main well bore to provide selective accessibility in each leg -- a major Schlumberger competitive advantage.
In Saudi Arabia, Schlumberger completed the world's first micro-seismic monitoring operation on a multistage acid fracture job in the Qatif field for Saudi Aramco. The seven-day, six-stage acid frac job in the horizontal well was monitored from two observation wells in which VSI* Versatile Seismic Imager tools were deployed to track the fracturing-associated micro-seismic activity. Smooth integration and coordination between multiple Schlumberger Technologies marked this complex operation in a high-permeability carbonate reservoir.
In China, successful StageFRAC* multistage fracturing and completion operations for another operator have led Xinjian Oil & Gas Company (XOC) to begin a similar project on the Dixi gas field using a horizontal well in the field’s deep naturally fissured volcanic formation. The operation resulted in a number of record-breaking achievements for XOC for wells of this type and led to a three-fold production increase compared to conventional vertical well fracturing.
In India, Schlumberger completed the second phase of a fracturing campaign for ONGC in the Gandhar field. With the key objective to increase production, the five-well campaign also tested the feasibility of fracturing treatments in other sand formations in this major brown field. The campaign was completed in less than one month using a variety of Schlumberger technologies from Wireline, Completions, Artificial Lift, Well Services and Well Testing, which were integrated using the DCS PowerSTIM process.
In Pakistan, OMV Exploration and Production used Schlumberger FUTUR active set-cement technology to help preserve long-term well integrity on certain projects where challenging environments of corrosive CO2 and H2S gases and bottom-hole temperatures in excess of 330 deg F often exist. Following a successful field test and deployment on an initial job, OMV introduced the self-healing cement technology on a second job -- applying FUTUR on a production casing annulus to improve long-term zonal isolation. As a result of both successes, OMV has planned to adopt the technology for seven more jobs in 2009.
Full-year 2008 revenue of $2.84 billion was 4% lower than 2007. Pretax operating income of $836 million was down 21% versus 2007. Pretax operating margin of 29.5% decreased 634 bps due to significantly lower Multiclient sales, reduced Land activity and cost inflation that affected Marine operations. At the end of 2008, the backlog of $1.77 billion was 51% higher year-on-year and underpinned by long-term contracts.
Fourth-quarter revenue of $599 million decreased 33% sequentially and 25% year-on-year. Pretax operating income of $88 million was 75% lower sequentially and 68% lower year-on-year.
Sequentially, Marine revenue decreased significantly due to seasonal vessel transits, dry docks and project startups. Multiclient revenue was also down markedly as customers reduced discretionary spending. Land revenue, however, increased due to higher utilization and the start of new projects in Latin America and Africa while Data Processing recorded modest growth.
Pretax operating margin decreased sequentially to 14.7% due to lower Marine vessel utilization, higher transits and the slowdown in Multiclient sales, the effects of which were only partially offset by the higher Land crew utilization.
In Angola, WesternGeco began acquisition of a wide-azimuth survey in Block 31 for BP Exploration (Angola) Ltd. BP chose the wide-azimuth technique to enable better imaging of structures beneath salt intrusions.
Also in Angola, WesternGeco began a major Q-Seabed* multicomponent (4C) project for Chevron in Block 0 adjacent to the Cabinda coastline. The survey will cover an area of approximately 1,500 sq km making it one of the largest seabed projects ever to be undertaken. The use of 72 km of Q-Seabed cable with dual source vessels will allow superior acquisition efficiency and significant data quality improvement over conventional systems in a challenging area with extensive production activity and infrastructure.
PEMEX awarded WesternGeco a seismic acquisition and processing contract for the Aquila project -- the largest 3D Q-Marine survey in Mexico to date. The survey covers an 8,000-sq km deep-water area offshore northern Mexico and data acquisition began in October 2008.
Crescent Petroleum awarded WesternGeco a Q-Land* acquisition and processing contract to image a complex thrust belt in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The project followed a successful survey in a similar play in the UAE using the Q-Land system, proprietary DX-80 vibrators, MD Sweep maximum displacement sweep design methodology for low frequencies and low distortion, and WesternGeco proprietary depth imaging processing.
In Australia, WesternGeco was awarded a contract for a 4D Q-Marine monitor survey on the Enfield field for Woodside Energy Ltd.
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