Repsol's advanced seismic imaging project -- Kaleidoscope -- has begun exploration operations in the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil.
Kaleidoscope is powered by reverse-time migration (RTM), a sophisticated subsurface imaging tool whose potential is accepted by the oil industry, but until now has not been used because of technical hurdles.
Repsol's next-generation Kaleidoscope technology overcomes those hurdles, enabling searches for energy reserves at greater depths and with greater clarity up to 10-times faster than conventional technology.
The Kaleidoscope project was launched in November 2006, and its research data, powered by the IBM PowerXCell(TM) 8i processors, proved this technology was successful in imaging areas of complex subsurface geological structure, such as the rich hydrocarbon provinces of the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, offshore Brazil and West Africa.
These basins are the new frontiers in oil exploration, where significant oil reserves are known to be present below thick masses of salt but have been difficult to pinpoint using conventional seismic imaging technology. Now, Kaleidoscope's clearer, faster seismic images bring unprecedented opportunities for energy companies to accurately identify underground oil and gas reserves in these traditionally hard-to-image areas.
Kaleidoscope enables Repsol to locate oil reserves buried some 30,000 feet (10,000 feet of water and then 20,000 more feet of seabed) below the Gulf of Mexico's surface, for example. The U.S. Department of the Interior's Minerals Management Service estimates the Gulf holds approximately 56 billion barrels of oil equivalent (oil and natural gas), which, at $65/barrel, would be worth over $3 trillion and would meet the entire U.S. demand for oil and gas for about 2.5 years.
"Repsol is pleased to launch Kaleidoscope's exploration operations in the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil as the project proves the success of the collaborative approach to research we have pursued for the past two years," said Francisco Ortigosa, director of Geophysics, Repsol. "The speed and power of the IBM PowerXCell 8i processor-powered Kaleidoscope Supercomputer paired with the RTM imaging algorithm and the computational support of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) truly positions Kaleidoscope at the cutting edge of innovative, and collaborative, exploration technology. Hard-to-image areas known to have rich fossil fuel reserves are now being opened to time- and cost-efficient exploration."
A Supercomputer Milestone
In addition to launching the project's first real-world applications, Repsol has also made the commitment and investment to build and operate its own supercomputer to provide the computational power and stability needed for Kaleidoscope's future expansion. The Kaleidoscope Supercomputer, a 120 Tflops, scalable Linux cluster computer system powered by IBM PowerXCell(tm) 8i processors, runs the project's RTM production code on large datasets of information.
The IBM PowerXCell 8i, originally developed for next-generation gaming consoles, is a critical component to the development of this new class of seismic technology. As the first supercomputer to combine these technologies, the Kaleidoscope Supercomputer has a peak performance equivalent to 10,000 Pentium 4 processors, the mainstream desktop and laptop central processing units (CPUs).
CyrusOne, an ultra high-density data center in Houston, Texas, supports Repsol's high-performance computer. The CyrusOne facility is one of the only data centers in the region with the capability of accommodating Repsol's installation, operating at 750 watts per square foot, and is a model for achieving more affordable, energy efficient supercomputing for seismic imaging in the oil industry.
"In support of Repsol's innovative technology adoption and the development and implementation of the Kaleidoscope project, CyrusOne is excited to be the data center partner for this ultra-dense, energy-efficient computing solution," said Blake McLane, Senior Vice-President of Business Development, CyrusOne. "We look forward to working with Repsol during the exploration operations and beyond."
RTM, the imaging technology at the heart of the Kaleidoscope Project, was born out of a collaboration between Repsol; the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (also called the "Mare Nostrum," one of the world's most powerful supercomputers that utilizes IBM technology, and FusionGeo Inc. FusionGeo is a company newly formed out of the November 3rd merger between Fusion Geophysical LLC and 3DGeo.
Repsol conducted its original work on Kaleidoscope with Houston-based 3DGeo, an imaging company founded by Stanford University professor and seismic imaging pioneer Biondo Biondi and Stanford University's Stanford Exploration Project (SEP), a leading industry-funded academic consortium, whose purpose was to improve the theory and practice of constructing 3-D and 4-D images of the earth from seismic echo soundings.
Dr. Alan R. Huffman, CEO of FusionGeo Inc. said, "Our work with Repsol on Kaleidoscope is only the start of what we envision to be broad range of totally new integrated imaging and reservoir technologies and innovation that will be created in Kaleidoscope. These technologies will include new analysis tools for geopressure prediction and fracture detection with 3D seismic, advanced applications of land statics and waveform inversion, and full scale integration of these technologies at the reservoir scale to enhance the characterization of the reservoir during exploration and improve the performance of the reservoir during production."
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