The peculiarities involved in the oil exploration and production activity, which include high risks and costs, incentives to the Brazilian industry, and job creation, led to the creation of a specific tax system (Repetro) for this segment. The Repetro releases temporary platforms from all federal taxes. With regard to the state value-added sales taxes, the so-called ICMS, CONFAZ Agreement # 58/99 guaranteed tax release.
The state of Rio de Janeiro, via its Treasury Department, publicly declared its intention to request its withdraw from CONFAZ Agreement # 58/99 seeking to charge ICMS for these platforms at 7% or 16% aliquots.
Considering this fact, the Brazilian Oil & Gas Institute (Instituto Brasileiro de Petróleo e Gas, IBP) presented an alternative to Agreement # 58/99 that would attend to the interests of the state of Rio de Janeiro and not render investments unviable for the entire oil industry, considering the peculiarities of other producing States and to guarantee all companies are treated uniformly. This solution would set taxation at 2.06% or 5.14% aliquots, based on the possibility of full use of the taxes that are paid if the latter alternative is adopted.
The proposal was made by the State of Bahia and widely discussed by the states’ representatives in the meetings that preceded the CONFAZ’s meet. Parallelly, discussions held among the IBP, Petrobras, and the Rio de Janeiro State government evolved to a new proposal, in the same molds, with aliquots ranging from 3% to 7.5%, at the taxpayer’s criterion, based on the possibility of using the values that are paid as credit for future ICMS payments and on a 2-year grace period to begin using the credit.
Petrobras defends the approval, in the next few days, of the proposal agreed-to by the IBP, the Bahia and Rio de Janeiro State governments, and Petrobras itself, seeking to maintain uniform rules in all States for platform imports, something that was broken when RJ, RN, CE, and PE withdrew from Agreement # 58/99, approved during the CONFAZ’s latest meeting.
When the new legislation is in fact in effect, based on the proposal that was presented, the impact will only be on new platforms that are imported. ICMS taxation for the imports will be based on the calculation of the value of the imported good (value stated on the import documents).
With regard to the taxation on the P-54, the platform was properly imported pursuant to all legal procedural steps and without ICMS taxation based on a legal decision handed down by the Rio de Janeiro State Court of Justice, which has prevented the State from collecting this tax for this type of operation since February 2007.
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