At the heart of Seniat's claims is the government's unilateral decision last year to apply a retroactive 50% tax rate on exploration and production projects for the period 2001-2004 which had used a 34% rate for decades without any government objection.
"Some companies reject the 50% tax rate, so perhaps they could get some sort of reduction [in the amount of claims]," the official said.
As an example, France's Total (NYSE: TOT) "paid 29mn bolivares (US$13,000) on a 186bn-bolivar claim and now they say they can't pay anymore because of the 50% rate, to which they object," the official said.
Seniat told BNamericas in January it has so far received payments totaling US$54.4mn, a little more than 10% of the total alleged unpaid amount.
So far only five companies have paid everything the tax authority has demanded: Brazil's federal energy company Petrobras (NYSE: PBR), US firm West Falcon Samson, Anglo-Dutch major Shell (NYSE: RDS-B) and Venezuela's Inemaka. Italy's Eni (NYSE: E) and China's CNPC have not paid anything, according to the same report.
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