The consideration provided by ROC is threefold: payment of £750,000 to acquire 75% of the a £15MM senior secured debt facility provided to ANSL; an undertaking to provide senior secured debt to ANSL equivalent to 75% of that company's future Joint Venture cash calls and a payment of an effective option exercise fee up to £1.9MM if/when ROC converts the loan into direct equity in the Assets. If ROC exercises its option to convert its loan to equity according to the presently envisaged schedule, it will book its net share of Ardmore's remaining recoverable reserves and associated production revenue during 2Q 2005.
In 1975, the Ardmore Oil Field, then known as the Argyll Field, was the first UK North Sea oil field to be brought onto production. After producing 73 MMBO and being abandoned in 1992 the field was redeveloped by ANSL and another privately-owned UK oil company in late-2003. Since then the field has produced about 4 MMBO. Currently, the field is subject to a continuous development drilling and workover program designed to increase gross Joint Venture production to a high in excess of 12,000 BOPD during 2H2005. As at January 2004, the field's total initial in-place oil was independently calculated to approximate to 300 MMBO of which 77 MMBO (26%) has now been produced.
Remaining recoverable oil at the Ardmore Field has been independently estimated to be in the order of 23 MMBO. In ROC's opinion, exactly how much of this remaining oil will be produced economically will depend upon the results of the current continuous development drilling and workover programme which will unfold during 2005.
ANSL holds a 35% working interest in UK North Sea Blocks 30/24a, b, c and d; 30/25b and 30/29b and c (collectively "the Blocks") which contain the Ardmore Oil Field, two small abandoned oilfield, small undeveloped discoveries and several undrilled prospects and leads.
ROC and AOG have formed a Loan Syndicate to assist ANSL with its funding obligations in relation to the Assets including the Ardmore redevelopment. ROC, AOG and one of AOG's key shareholders, a boutique European investor specializing in the oil and gas sector, have also executed an agreement the essence of which is:
The practical effect of the transaction is: ROC has invested £0.75MM (equivalent to A$1.86 MM/US$1.44MM at current exchange rates) by way of a secured senior ranking loan; undertaken to pay 26% of future Joint Venture cash calls and to pay what is, in effect, an option exercise fee of up to £1.9MM, to purchase the right to acquire a direct interest, up to 26%, in a producing North Sea oil field and surrounding exploration, appraisal and potential development acreage.
In 1975, the Ardmore Oil Field, then known as the Argyll Field, was the first UK North Sea oil field to be brought on to production. After producing 73 MMB of 37° API oil over 17 years, Ardmore was abandoned in 1992 with a relatively modest water-cut of 70%, partly due to lack of gas lift facilities and other facilities' constraints. The field's original development was undertaken without the benefits of 3D seismic which has since been acquired and reprocessed.
In early 2002, the Blocks were awarded to the current licensees. A Field Development Plan was approved in late 2002. First oil flowed from the redeveloped field in September 2003. The field is operated by Tuscan Energy (Scotland) Limited, a privately-owned UK oil company that holds 65% of the Assets. Oil production from the redeveloped field is via facilities on the dedicated jack-up drilling rig Rowan Gorilla VII. By September 2004 the redeveloped field had produced approximately 4 MMBO of oil. Currently the field is producing a total of about 8,000 BOPD from two wells.
Original in-place oil reserves at Ardmore have been independently estimated to be approximately 300 MMBO of which a total of 77 MMBO (26%) has been produced during the field's two development phases.
An independent estimate suggests that up to 23 MMBO may be recovered by the Joint Venture. However, at this point in time, ROC has chosen not to predict exactly how much of Ardmore's remaining oil in-place will ultimately be classified as recoverable proved and probable reserves. As the continuous development drilling and workover program proceeds through 2005 the Company fully expects that the relevant reserve figures will become a lot clearer.
In January 2005, the Joint Venture plans to workover a third well, which was drilled as part of the redevelopment program, with the intention of bringing it back on to production at a rate in excess of 2,000 BOPD. The Joint Venture is also expected to drill a fourth redevelopment well which it is hoped will further increase the field's production by more than 7,000 BOPD by May 2005 to a high in excess of 12,000 BOPD. Two additional development wells are also being contemplated for back-to-back drilling from May 2005.
In total, ROC expects that by the time it is required to decide whether or not it should exercise its option to convert to direct equity, probably in May 2005, it will have provided ANSL with secured loans of approximately £4.5MM against Joint Venture cash calls. If ROC chooses to exercise its option in full, a further amount, up to a total of £1.9MM, will be loaned by ROC to AOG. The secured loans provided by ROC will be sourced from internal funds.
Until ROC chooses to convert its loans to equity it will not book any reserves nor take into account any production from Ardmore. Over the next several months this will not disadvantage ROC because the active drilling and workover program will require the equity participants to reinvest cash flow and to also invest additional capital to redevelop the field.
It has been agreed that ROC will be an active participant in the Ardmore redevelopment, notwithstanding the fact that its current involvement is via a secured loan arrangement rather than equity. Through this arrangement ROC will be well positioned with respect to the wave of new independents entering the UK North Sea as that province matures and large multinationals struggle with the challenges of materiality as new field discoveries tend to be smaller and established field production rates decline.
The potential of the area immediately around the Ardmore Field is intriguing.
The presence of the Rowan Gorilla VII jack-up drilling rig with its dedicated production facilities servicing the Ardmore Field is potentially a very important part of the region's infrastructure. Not only does the rig offer potential access to production facilities but there are a number of likely drill targets can be reached from the rig.
There are two abandoned oilfields within the Blocks. The Dalmore Field, formerly known as Duncan, and the Innes Field, which are, respectively, 5 km west and 15 km north of Ardmore. The former was abandoned in 1992 after producing 17 MMBO of 38° oil from the Jurassic Fulmar Sandstone while the latter was abandoned in 1991 after production had ceased two years earlier when a storm damaged the facilities after Innes had produced a total of 6 MMBO of 42° API oil from the Permian Rotliegend. There may be potential for undrained parts of the Dalmore Field to yield 5 to 10 MMBO. The potential of the Innes Field lies in the fact that it was producing oil without water when it was abandoned.
There is also a single well oil discovery, Iris, about 10 km southwest of Ardmore which merits review.
There are also several undrilled prospects and leads within the Blocks including Ida, Epsilon, Kryptonite and West Innes. In total, the independent estimate of the unrisked exploration potential of the Blocks is in excess of 60 MMBO.
There may also be the possibility of third party business if other operators in the region wish to access the Ardmore facilities, which is within tie-back distance of most of the key prospects in the region. Interestingly, almost all the acreage around the Blocks has been licensed during the last two years as a result of a new wave of independent oil companies entering the North Sea.
Commenting on the Ardmore transaction, ROC's Chief Executive Officer, Dr John Doran stated that:
"In different circumstances it would be tempting to present this deal in terms of dollars (or, in this case, cents) per barrel paid to acquire producing and partly developed reserves but, in the present context of Ardmore, it would be premature to present the transaction in that light.
This is an unusual deal that may initially seem to be a little complex. In reality, all that has happened is that, because of ROC's extensive industry network, flat management structure and strong balance sheet, it has been able to move quickly on a short-fused production acquisition deal which offered terms that are not often encountered in a world of US$40/BBL oil prices. Whether or not it turns out to be a good move will only become apparent as the development drilling and workover program unfolds during 2005.
If the development drilling and workover results are positive, ROC will convert its loan to direct equity in the Blocks and book its share of Ardmore reserves and take the production revenue to account in 2Q 2005. Such an outcome would provide ROC with a well timed production and reserve "bridge" between the recent sale of the Saltfleetby Gas Field and the expected start-up of production in early 2006 from ROC's oilfields offshore Mauritania and Western Australia. Until it chooses to exercise its option, ROC is very comfortable with its involvement in the Ardmore Project as a Senior Secured Lender that is also an active project participant.
ROC first identified the opportunity, in early December 2004 and the binding agreement was executed earlier today. You can only achieve that type of progress in that type of timeframe when you are dealing with like-minded people with a joint ability to focus constructively on getting the transaction done. ROC looks forward to working with the people at AOG, both on Ardmore and also on any other appropriate transaction which may arise.
The transaction also illustrates the benefits of keeping a watching brief and an open mind with regard to parts of your portfolio which may, at one stage, have been considered peripheral but which, with a change of industry climate, can become more central to the Company's strategy. This change in perception is due to the UK North Sea becoming an arena of activity that is much more appealing to ROC now than it was five years ago when the Company first acquired interests in the region. Then the area was dominated by larger multinationals with high cost structures and, understandably, no real interest in developing small/modest fields within the timeframes that smaller independents require. Now, things are quite different following the influx of smaller companies with more urgent development agendas and, of necessity, a higher degree of cost consciousness.
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