HOUSTON/WILLISTON, N.D., March 18 (Reuters) - With the prospect of another plunge in crude prices looming after two months of stability, U.S. shale oil producers may face another round of spending cuts to conserve cash and survive the downturn.
A deeper retrenchment would have far-reaching effects.
Additional cutbacks would further gut the already-hemorrhaging oilfield services industry and may heighten expectations for a steeper drop in U.S. crude output later this year.
They would also reinforce the United States' emerging role as the world's "swing producer," with dozens of independent companies that can quickly ramp up production in good times and dial it back in a downturn.
"If I were an oil company today, I would talk about one thing: how far can you cut costs," said Fadel Gheit, an oil analyst at Oppenheimer in New York. "They cannot control anything else." Gheit said he expected a new wave of capital budget cuts starting in May, when much of the energy industry reports quarterly results.
U.S. oil companies have slashed spending 20 to 60 percent since the price of oil fell by half from June to January, and oilfield services firms shed more than 30,000 jobs, according to Reuters compilations of public disclosures.
Debt rating agency Moody's estimates that about a fifth of the North American exploration and production companies it follows will slash budgets by more than 60 percent this year while more than half will cut spending by at least 40 percent.
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