MOSCOW, Sept 11 (Reuters) - Russia's Gazprom reported a 41 percent fall in first-quarter net profit after cutting prices for gas deliveries to Ukraine, and has lowered projections for exports and gas prices in Europe, its main source of revenue.
The producer faces more pain this year due to its unresolved dispute with Kiev and Europe's desire to cut reliance on Russia.
Ukraine's "doubtful" trade accounts, a reference to either the non- or slow payment of debts by state gas producer Naftogaz in the first quarter, had forced Gazprom to write off 71.3 billion roubles ($1.9 billion), Gazprom said.
Lower earnings at Russia's biggest company by profit is another worrying signal for the national economy, teetering on the brink of recession triggered by Western sanctions over Moscow's role in Ukraine.
Gazprom is not on the sanctions list, however it has faced headwinds in Europe, which is trying to cut its dependence on energy supplies from Russia.
A Gazprom official told a conference call that the company expected gas exports to Europe at 157 billion cubic metres (bcm) "or slightly less". This is less than 162 bcm exported in 2013 and 158.4 bcm previously planned.
Mikhail Malgin, a deputy head of Gazprom Export, also said that the average Russian gas price in Europe was seen at $350 per 1,000 cubic metres. This is down from $387 in 2013.
Russia's largest gas producer says Ukraine now owes it $5.4 billion for supplies, a debt that will hurt profits further into the year.
With little sign of any resolution to the pricing dispute with Ukraine, the impact of Russia's decision to turn off the taps to its neighbour may be felt much longer, analysts said.
"It doesn't mean all the write-offs are over. Ukraine's debt is $5.4 billion -- they could write off the whole debt, though it looks unlikely," Alexei Kokin of brokerage Uralsib said.
"I think in the third or fourth quarter it will become clearer that they will have to write off more."
He said that excluding write-offs and other extraordinary items, Gazprom's core earnings were in line with his expectations.
Gazprom's shares were down 0.11 percent at 139.05 roubles by 0832 GMT. The broader market in Moscow was up 0.26 percent.
The pricing dispute, part of a standoff over a conflict in eastern Ukraine, was triggered when Russia raised the price of gas by 80 percent from April after pro-Moscow then-president Viktor Yanukovich, who had brokered a much cheaper price by turning his back on the European Union, fled street protests.
Moscow cut off Ukraine's supplies in June, blaming the dispute over pricing and unpaid bills. The move also pressured Kiev, which had launched a military operation to seize back swathes of land taken by pro-Russian rebels in its east.
The dispute has unnerved markets in Europe, where Gazprom covers a third of gas needs, while half of Russian gas exports to Europe go via Ukraine. On Wednesday, gas operators in Poland, Slovakia and Germany said they had registered a decline in Russian gas supplies.
The company said first-quarter net profit fell to 223 billion roubles ($6 billion). Analysts polled by Reuters had expected first-quarter net income to fall to 263.6 billion roubles.
Gazprom said its losses from a weaker rouble were 172 billion roubles in the first quarter, up from 22.6 billion roubles in the same period last year, while the provision from trade with Ukraine had resulted in an increase in operational expenses in the first quarter.
January-March sales rose to 1.56 trillion roubles from 1.46 trillion roubles in the year-earlier period, while the net debt balance decreased by 13 percent to 969.9 billion roubles.
(1 US dollar = 37.3300 Russian rouble)
(Editing by Elizabeth Piper and William Hardy)
Copyright 2016 Thomson Reuters. Click for Restrictions.
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