The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) has directed U.S. Gulf of Mexico drilling operators whose rigs have a lower mariner riser package (LMRP) H4 connector manufactured by GE Oil & Gas' Hydril division to cease operations and to inspect and possibly replace these bolts after defects were uncovered on some rigs.
GE Oil & Gas issued a notice Jan. 29 to customers calling for them to inspect and remove the bolts after the upper and lower bodies of a H4 Connector contained in the LMRP of a rig operating in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico separated.
A recent investigation indicated that stress corrosion cracking caused by hydrogen embrittlement contributed to the separation of the upper and lower bodies of the LMRP, according to a GE statement.
GE is conducting a root cause analysis into the incident. Additionally, the company has been recently made aware of two additional data points found during surface inspections of the identified bolts. Both instances are being investigated.
The company has expanded the safety notice to include all H4 Connector bolts (P/N H10004-2) produced from June 2007 to October 2009 in the H4 product family, including E, DxE, ExF, HD and DWHD.
While GE is investigating the production history of these H4 Connector bolts, a preliminary investigation has indicated bolts produced during this time are more susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement.
The safety notice does not affect the SHD Connector, GE commented.
The faulty bolts should concern mainly older rigs, DOI commented.
"Operators are currently evaluating which rigs have the faulty equipment, but at this time it looks like this will have a minimum impact on the drillers as this equipment is produced over a short period of time," DOI added in a statement.
Recently delivered rigs with the Hydrill blowout preventer (BOP) that have a Super HDH-4 connector were mostly delivered after 2009, and DOI has no indication that these rigs would be affected.
Officials with DOI's Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement met with industry officials late last month to discuss the initial finding associated with a pollution incident involving the discharge of a synthetic base mud in the Gulf due to a loss of integrity of a LMRP H-4 connector. During the meeting, it was introduced that zinc electroplating without proper baking, as per ASTM B633, was a possible cause of hydrogen embrittlement. BSEE was also informed during this meeting of two other rigs as having H-4 connector bolt failures.
On Jan. 25, BSEE received information from GE which identified rigs as having BOP stack connectors that may contain bolts that may no longer be fit for purpose. BSEE then contacted operators associated with this subset of rigs currently operating in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, asking them to halt operations until the existing bolts on the LMRP connector/wellhead connector could be changed out with bolts that have been certified by an independent third-party to comply with recommended heat treatment practices or if existing bolts have been examined and certified as fit for purpose.
Though the notice covers the entire Outer Continental Shelf, the issue is only for subsea BOPs, which are typically used for floating rigs, according to a Feb. 2 research note from Barclays Capital. GE holds approximately 50 percent market share for the deepwater Gulf BOP market.
Industry sources indicate that 159 connectors from GE's Vetco division have issues. Drilling contractor Transocean Ltd. is estimated to have 60 rigs and Diamond Offshore Drilling, Inc. has approximately 30 rigs. Rigs belonging to Noble Drilling and Ensco plc are believed to be impacted, while three Seadrill rigs were affected.
While U.S. Gulf rig operators will have to stop operations to pull the BOP and fix the problem, it is believed that drilling operators operating worldwide – at least in Brazil – the bolts will be repaired the next time the BOP is pulled for a normal reason such as a new well.
For rigs operating in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, it is not known how this will play out in terms of rigs being on day rate or not when the bolts are fixed. According to one drilling contractor, one day per BOP in time of fixing the bolts, excluding pulling and setting the BOP, could total two weeks.
A final issue is whether the rig owners have spare bolts or not, but industry analysts believe most do. GE said in its notice it would supply new bolts as appropriate. GE estimates that 9,000 to 10,000 bolts need to be replaced and has been producing replacement bolts since Feb. 2 at a rate of 500 per day, according to Barclays' analyst James C. West.
GE said in its notice it would supply new bolts as appropriate.
Halting operations to inspect and replace bolts will pose additional downtime risk for offshore drillers, but Barclays Capital analyst James C. West commented that downtime could be limited and can be often mitigated through the course of normal operations.
While the BSEE notice called for operators to halt operations until the existing bolts are replaced and verified, the notice also recommended operators consult with contractors to determine the appropriate…corrective actions," potentially leaving some room to inspect BOPs during the normal course of operations rather than stopping work immediately, said West in the Feb. 7 note.
"While we await further clarity, we think this event could present knee-jerk headline risk for some offshore drillers, particularly those with direct exposure to GE bolts," West commented.
The H4 family of subsea connectors was introduced in 1964 and is used in every major producing region worldwide and every type of offshore environment, according to Hydril's website.
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