Assuming successful development of the project, the companies expect to recover between 30 and 70 million barrels of oil using thermal recovery techniques. The LAK Ranch oil contains high levels of naphtha and is expected to command a premium to West Texas Intermediate (WTI) benchmark pricing.
Under the terms of a farm-in agreement and a joint operating agreement, Ivanhoe has become operator and will earn an initial 30% working interest in the project by financing the capital cost of the pilot phase. Following the pilot phase, Ivanhoe will have the option to increase its working interest to 60% by providing additional capital toward the initial development phase until a total of $5.0 million (U.S.) is reached. After that, all future capital expenditures will be shared on a working-interest basis. Should Ivanhoe elect not to proceed beyond the pilot phase its working interest will be reduced to 15% and Derek will become operator.
The LAK Ranch field covers approximately 7,500 acres in Wyoming's prolific Powder River basin. To date, Derek has completed a SAGD (steam-assisted-gravity-drainage) well pair to a depth of 1,000 feet and 1,800 feet horizontally into the Newcastle Sand formation. Surface steam-injection and oil-recovery equipment is in-place. Extensive testing indicates that because of the viscosity of the oil, production can be expected to respond dramatically to the application of continuous heat through steam injection.
Initially, steam will be injected into the existing horizontal well and production is expected to commence shortly thereafter. By summer, five vertical steam-injection wells are expected to be drilled, providing continuous steam application to the reservoir and increasing production volumes from the horizontal production well. Ivanhoe also plans a high-resolution 3-D seismic data acquisition program to further identify the limits of the field.
Assuming a successful pilot phase, the development program is expected to include additional horizontal production wells, new steam-injection wells (vertical or horizontal) and expansion of surface facilities. Ivanhoe estimates that the initial development program could grow to more than 20 wells producing in excess of 4,500 barrels per day. Optimum daily production rates could exceed 10,000 barrels per day.
Derek has an agreement with SEC Oil & Gas Partnership (SEC) that will result in SEC becoming a 5% working-interest owner in the project if certain conditions are met. In that event, the working interests of the three parties in the LAK Ranch Project will be Ivanhoe 60%, Derek 35% and SEC 5%.
The average combined royalty payable to landowners and overriding royalty holders on the LAK Ranch Project is approximately 21%. This figure includes approximately 4.14% in royalties that Derek bought back on certain tracts within the LAK Ranch Project from landowner royalty holders and overriding royalty holders.
A horizontal well, with a lateral extension of 1,500 feet, is expected to cost approximately $600,000 (U.S.) and vertical steam injection wells are expected to cost approximately $60,000 (U.S.). The Newcastle Sand formation is Lower Cretaceous sandstone and there are many fields producing from this formation located elsewhere in the basin. Colorado-based Surtek, a reservoir-engineering firm specializing in enhanced recovery applications, has provided the estimates of 100 million barrels of oil in place for the LAK Ranch field. Ivanhoe currently estimates that between 30% and 70% of the estimated oil in place may be recoverable. Naphtha is a lighter fraction of crude oil and issued in the blending of jet fuel by the local refinery. Viscosity is used to describe the level to which oil products will flow; that is, lower viscosity or lighter oil flows more readily from the reservoir and through pipelines than heavier oil with a higher viscosity.
Most Popular Articles